Xanthan gum is a popular food additive that's commonly added to foods as a thickener or stabilizer.
It's created when sugar is fermented by a type of bacteria called Xanthomonas campestris. When sugar is fermented, it creates a broth or goo-like substance, which is made solid by adding an alcohol. It is then dried and turned into a powder.
It also stabilizes foods, helping certain foods withstand different temperatures and pH levels. Additionally, it prevents foods from separating and allows them to flow smoothly out of their containers.
It's used frequently in gluten-free cooking since it can provide the elasticity and fluffiness that gluten gives traditional baked goods.
The following are some common foods that contain xanthan gum:
The following are some common products that contain xanthan gum:
Luckily a healthy equivalent does exist. This is flax seeds.
Use the same amount of flax seed as xanthan gum called for in the recipe, but mix it with two times the water. If a recipe calls for 1 tablespoon of xanthan gum, use 1 tablespoon of ground flax seed plus 2 tablespoons water.